Pollution and Gut Bacteria: A Different Take

mine-waste-leak

Our planet is becoming increasingly toxic, as we add more chemicals to its  air, rivers, lakes and ocean every day. While laws designed to curb pollution have probably helped, they don’t prevent things like massive oil spills or the release of antibiotic or hormone residues from farm animals and humans. You see, all of those pharmaceutical products used to produce a steak from an overcrowded, stressed and diseased animal, almost all of those substances get passed by the animal, and run downstream-eventually to lakes and oceans. Toxic materials such as arsenic and mercury are common. The yellow water in the image above is from a mine leak in Colorado (image from The Durango Herald). The water debacle in Flint, Michigan is just one example of how toxins are present. With those admittedly grim thoughts in mind, what are the most adaptable organisms on the planet? Yes, bacteria. With the ability to share DNA in horizontal transfer and a gene pool replete with ways to break down poisons, bacteria have been at the toxin-vs-detoxify game for over a billion years. What if the bacteria that live inside our bodies could help us to detoxify? Perhaps a different way to ask the same question would be to ask why, given a somewhat consistent toxin exposure in a given neighborhood or community, do some people develop toxicity while others do not? As it turns out, some of our beneficial symbionts (Lactobacillus) can do exactly that. A study found that these bacteria can break down pesticides, and reduced the accumulation of arsenic and mercury in pregnant women and children. That should be pretty good news, right? It is if you make efforts to keep these organisms present. They are often reduced or absent due to antibiotic use/abuse and poor nutritional choices. Ironically, the poor people that are often exposed to these toxins also tend not to buy organic produce or have the educational background required to make the right choices. Instead, they are the victims of our capitalistic dark side, believing that it’s normal to eat McDonalds or Wendy’s on a regular basis and consume Pepsi or Coke instead of water. Elective C-section births are very common, and many new mothers are not taught the benefits or techniques of breastfeeding. The combination of c-section and bottle feeding robs a newborn of the microbiome needed for optimal brain and immune system development. Now we can also say it leaves this child more vulnerable to the effects of pesticides and toxins. This affects all of us in one way or another, and it is simply wrong on many levels to allow it to continue.

One long-term result of the intergenerational demise of the microbiome is that while our planet is accumulating toxins and poisons, our microbiome which could help us to detoxify those substances is on the way down. As the “modern” world infects virginal areas and their indigenous people, bringing them antibiotics and Coca-Cola, the core ancestral microbiome becomes an endangered entity.

It is vitally important that more people understand how the microbiome is necessary for so many aspects of life. It is also important to put in place limitations on drug and chemical releases into the environment, as the current system is not a bucket but a sieve, giving the illusion of containment from a distance but constantly leaking in many directions. Even our nuclear power plants in the USA have joined Fukushima in leaking radioactive waste into the ocean (Indian Point in NY has been leaking).

If mankind does not change the trajectory that our species has been on for some time, it is only a matter of time before our health is so fragile and our planet is so toxic that life will no longer be possible the way it is now. Even if that were to take 500 years, it is still the path we’re on. Perhaps, when the Bible stated that “the meek shall inherit the earth,” it was really a microbial prophecy, as bacteria were the first organisms here and will likely be the last. It’s probably a good time to make sure that your microbiome is fully operational, as it helps you cope with toxic exposures. Perhaps it’s time to coin the term “microbiome survivalist?”

References:

Children with health impairments by heavy metals in an e-waste recycling area.

Zeng X, Xu X, Boezen HM, Huo X.

Chemosphere. 2016 Apr;148:408-15. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.10.078. Epub 2016 Jan 30. Review.

PMID:26829309

Material Flow for the Intentional Use of Mercury in China.

Lin Y, Wang S, Wu Q, Larssen T.

Environ Sci Technol. 2016 Mar 1;50(5):2337-44. doi: 10.1021/acs.est.5b04998. Epub 2016 Feb 15.

PMID:26812394

Industrial arsenic contamination causes catastrophic changes in freshwater ecosystems.

Chen G, Shi H, Tao J, Chen L, Liu Y, Lei G, Liu X, Smol JP.

Sci Rep. 2015 Nov 30;5:17419. doi: 10.1038/srep17419.

PMID:26615891

Free PMC Article

Long-term toxicity assessment of soils in a recovered area affected by a mining spill.

Romero-Freire A, García Fernández I, Simón Torres M, Martínez Garzón FJ, Martín Peinado FJ.

Environ Pollut. 2016 Jan;208(Pt B):553-61. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2015.10.029. Epub 2015 Nov 20.

PMID:26608875

Environmental factors in cardiovascular disease.

Cosselman KE, Navas-Acien A, Kaufman JD.

Nat Rev Cardiol. 2015 Nov;12(11):627-42. doi: 10.1038/nrcardio.2015.152. Epub 2015 Oct 13. Review.

PMID:26461967

Probiotic lactobacilli: a potential prophylactic treatment for reducing pesticide absorption in humans and wildlife.

Trinder M, Bisanz JE, Burton JP, Reid G.

Benef Microbes. 2015;6(6):841-7. doi: 10.3920/BM2015.0022. Epub 2015 Jun 30.

PMID:26123785
Select item 230999397.

Occurrence of ciprofloxacin, enrofloxacin, and florfenicol in animal wastewater and water resources.

Wei R, Ge F, Chen M, Wang R.

J Environ Qual. 2012 Sep-Oct;41(5):1481-6. doi: 10.2134/jeq2012.0014.

PMID:23099939

Impact of medicated feed on the development of antimicrobial resistance in bacteria at integrated pig-fish farms in Vietnam.

Dang ST, Petersen A, Van Truong D, Chu HT, Dalsgaard A.

Appl Environ Microbiol. 2011 Jul;77(13):4494-8. doi: 10.1128/AEM.02975-10. Epub 2011 May 20.

PMID:21602395

Free PMC Article

Occurrence of veterinary antibiotics in animal wastewater and surface water around farms in Jiangsu Province, China.

Wei R, Ge F, Huang S, Chen M, Wang R.

Chemosphere. 2011 Mar;82(10):1408-14. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2010.11.067. Epub 2010 Dec 14.

PMID:21159362
Select item 2085833210.

[Do pharmaceutical waste and drug residue pose a risk to public health?].

Haguenoer JM.

Sante Publique. 2010 May-Jun;22(3):325-42. French.

PMID:20858332

Household disposal of pharmaceuticals as a pathway for aquatic contamination in the United kingdom.

Bound JP, Voulvoulis N.

Environ Health Perspect. 2005 Dec;113(12):1705-11.

PMID:16330351

Free PMC Article

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s